The most common measurement of stating network performance is bits per second (bps). Bits per second usually refers to the actual rate of data transfer. Sometimes, it represents the theoretical limit of the network bandwidth available for the data.

In the present networking age, most networks are enabled to deal with extremely large bits per second. Measures of network performance are usually represented in terms of gigabits, megabits, and kilobits. These measures are used as an alternative when referring to the network performance through mere numbers including 100,000 bps, or 10,000 bps.

The data bits represented by these measures of network performance are indicated below:

- 1 Kbps measures 1000 bits per second and is alternatively referred to as 1 kilobit per second
- 1 Mbps measures 1000 Kbps
- 1 Gbps measures 1000 Mbps

The above rules can take an initial uppercase or lowercase letter to indicate networking performance. In other words, both ‘kbps’ or ‘Kbps’ are valid representations.

When referring to network speed, the abbreviation Bps (starting with a capital B) is employed in networking terminology to eliminate any possibility of confusion with respect to bits per second.

1 kilobyte per second is represented as follows

- 1 KBps = 1 kBps = 8 Kbps or 8,000 bits per second.

Computer system disks and memory is also measured using conventions which are similar to those used for measuring capacity. However, while these conventions look similar, they are not necessarily the same.

Data storage capacity is measured in terms of gigabytes, megabytes, or kilobytes. In the context of data storage, the letter ‘K’ represents 1,000 units of storage capacity, while a capital ‘K’ represents multiples of 1,024. Data storage capacity can be represented using the following equations:

- 1 KB is equivalent to 1,024 bytes while 1kB is equal to 1,000 bytes
- 1 MB is equal to 1,024 KB
- 1 GB is equal to 1,024 MB